EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP IN
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on Aug 06, 2012 Says :
very nice ppt on leadership issues in healthcare organizations.
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Slide 1 :
EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP IN HEALTHCARE ORGANIZATIONS BY Ravi Kumudesh Dip(MLT)/ BSc(Mgt)/PG Dip(Ex.Mgt)
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2 Introduction: Effective leadership is essential if a health services organization (HSO) is to provide high-quality care and succeed financially. All managers at all levels of the organization, who depend on other people for efficient and effective work performance, require leadership ability. The quality of leadership is crucial to how work gets done.
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3 Definition: Leadership is a very complex multidimensional concept and has been defined in a number of different ways. A common definition is: The process by which one person designates “what is to be done” and influences the efforts of others in order to accomplish specific purposes.
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4 Another important definition is that: Leaders are agents of change, persons whose acts affect other people more than other people’s acts affect them.
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5 Leadership Approach: Leaders following the proactive approach take responsible initiatives to change situations and attitudes through people. This approach is the essence of modern leadership, it contrasts with the Reactive approach where a leader responds only to events and instructions from outside.
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6 EXERCISE (1) From your experience, try to describe a leader you worked with or had contact with; whom you consider a role model of a successful leader & why. What in your opinion are the main traits ,skills & behaviors of a successful leader?
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7 Leader Traits, Skills and Behaviour: Although none of the hundreds of studies conducted in search of universal leader traits were successful yet, certain traits are known to be associated with leader effectiveness. Table 1 is a list of traits and skills that most frequently characterize successful leaders.
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8 Traits and skills found most frequently to be characteristic of successful leaders Traits Adaptable to situations Alert to social environment Ambitious and achievement-oriented. Assertive Cooperative Decisive Dependable Dominant(desire to influence others) Energetic (high activity level) Persistent Self-confident Tolerant of stress Willing to assume responsibility Skills Clever(intelligent) Conceptually skilled Creative Diplomatic and tactful Fluent in speaking Knowledgeable about group task Organized (administrative ability) Persuasive Socially skilled
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9 Leader’s Power and Influence Influence is important to the leadership process because it is the means by which leaders “successfully persuade others to follow their advice, suggestion or order”. The essence of leadership is the ability to influence others. To have influence, however, one also must have power.
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10 Sources of Power: 1.Legitimate Power : This is the power a leader has as a result of his/her position in the organization. 2. Coercive Power : Is the power to punish or control. 3. Reward Power : Is the power of giving positive benefits or rewards whether financial or otherwise.
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11 4. Expert Power : Influence that’s based on expertise, special skills or knowledge. 5. Referent Power : Arises because of a person’s personal traits or desirable resources, e.g. admiration of another & a desire to be like that person, in this case that person has referent power over you. Most effective leaders rely on several different forms of power e.g. giving orders (legitimate), praising (reward), & disciplining (coercive).
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12 Also power must be used wisely to influence people e.g. abuse of coercive power may lead to weakening or loss of referent power. Effective leaders understand the costs, risks, and benefits of using each kind of power and are able to recognize which to draw on in different situations and with different people.
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13 Leadership Behavior In the 1950s, the study of leadership and leaders shifted from traits to behavior. This raised the exciting possibility that if leader behavior explained leadership effectiveness, then leadership could be taught since behavior can be learned and programs can be designed to develop effective leaders. The trait theories maintained that leaders are born : Either you have it or you don’t. The behavior theories believed that leaders are made!
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EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP IN HEALTHCARE ORGANIZATIONS
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