MARASMUS AND KWASHIORKOR


×
Rating : Rate It:
 
Post a comment
    Post Comment on Twitter
Comments:  
2 Favorites
gynisaac,   favourited this   2 Years ago.
vijay raj kaga,   favourited this   2 Years ago.
First Prev [1] Next Last



  Notes
 
 
1 :
2 : SUBJECT PEDIATRIC NURSING FACULTY SIR AMANULAH RIND TOPIC MARASMUS AND KWASHIORKOR by VIJAY RAJ KAGA Generic B.Sc Nursing Lumhs jamshoro sindh pakistan. On facebook vijay raj kaga
3 : OBJECTIVES Definition of malnutrition Description Causes Symptoms Diagnoses Nursing management Treatment
4 : Protein Energy malnutrition (PEM) Protein energy malnutrition leads to two types of diseases. Marasmus Kwashiorkor
5 : What is marasms The word “marasmus” comes from a Greekword and it means starvation. Marasmus is generally known as the gradual wasting away of the body due to severe malnutrition. It is a severe form of malnutrition caused by inadequate intake of proteins and calories.
6 : Marasmus In developing countries like India & Pakistan it is common in infants below one year of age. The causal factor may be due to early replacement of mother's milk by other foods of low protein and calorific value. This may happen if the mother has a second pregnancy when the older infant is still too young.
7 : SYMPTOMS As the stored fats and tissue proteins are used up for the production of energy, the infant develops a shriveled look. Ribs become prominent and limbs become very thin as the fat layer beneath the skin disappears. Retarded physical and mental growth. Severe diarrhoea and other digestive disorders
8 : Prevention/Control A PROTEIN RICH DIET SUCH AS A COMBINATION OF WHEAT GRAM PEANUT SOYABEAN A DIET WITH ANIMAL PROTEIN LIKE MUTTON, CHICKEN AND FISH, WILL HELP THE PATIENT TO RETURN BACK TO HEALTH.
9 : Treatment of Marasmus not only  treat  the symptoms but also the complications of the disorder, including infections, dehydration, circulation disorders. At this point, attempts to correct the disorder by giving food or protein. Give the patient good food, Fresh juices, Fresh Milk, Nice Atmosphare and some other related facalities.
10 : Nursing Care Plan for Child with Marasmus Assessment Measuring height Measuring weight Calculating a patient's body mass index, ie weight (in kilograms) divided by height (in meters) Measuring skinfold thickness in the upper arm next (fold triceps), so that the layer of fat under the skin can be measured, generally view using calipers. Amount of fat under the skin is 50% of body fat. Folds of fat normally about 1.25 cm in men and about 2.5 cm in women. Laboratory tests: albumin, creatinine. , blood urea nitrogen, electrolytes, hemoglobin, hematocrit, transferrin.
11 : Kwashiorkor Children between 1-3 years of age must consume 1g protein/kg body weight. If they consume below this quantity they can suffer from this protein deficiency disease.
12 : KWASHIORKOR Cecilly Williams, a British nurse, had introduced the word Kwashiorkor to the medical literature in 1933. The word is taken from the Ga language in Ghana & used to describe the sickness of weaning.
13 : ETIOLOGY Kwashiorkor can occur in infancy but its maximal incidence is in the 2nd yr of life following abrupt weaning. Kwashiorkor is not only dietary in origin. Infective, psycho-socical, and cultural factors are also operative.
14 : ETIOLOGY (2) One theory says Kwash is a result of liver insult with hypoproteinemia and oedema. Food toxins like aflatoxins have been suggested as precipitating factors.
15 : CONSTANT FEATURES OF KWASH OEDEMA PSYCHOMOTOR CHANGES GROWTH RETARDATION MUSCLE WASTING
16 : MARASMUSKWASHIORKOR1-extremely underweight below 60%.1-underweight2-edema is absent2-edema is always present3-muscles wasting & loss of subcutaneous fat3-thin lean muscles, fat are present4-Appearance monkey face4-puffy, moon face.5-hairs are normal5-hair changes are present6-appetite is better6-poor appetite & anorexia7-skin is normal7-flanky-paint dermatosis present.
17 : Symptoms Growth is stunted, appetite is poor Stomach gets distended The eyes are bulging The patient develops match stick legs- legs become thin, long and curved Skin may become dark and start peeling off and hair may become dull and loose its lusture.
18 : Prevention/Conrol BY INCLUDING FOOD RICH IN PROTEIN INTO THE DIET, THE DISEASE CAN BE CURED. WHEAT, GRAM, PEANUT, SOYABEAN AND JAGGERY ARE RECOMMENDED.
19 : REFRENCES: Arvind ,R. (2005). Clinical cases in pediatrics. (2nd Ed:).ELSEVIER. Badaloo AV, Forrester T. (2002).Burden of Disease .(6th Ed:). Haneef,S. Arif,M. (2006).Text book of pediatrics. http://www.who.com Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
20 :

 

Add as Friend By : vijay raj
Added On : 2 Years ago.
PowerPoint Presentation on MARASMUS AND KWASHIORKOR
Views 12543 | Favourite 2 | Total Upload :1

Embed Code:

Flag as inappropriate


Related  Most Viewed



Free Powerpoint Templates



 



Free Medical PowerPoint Templates | Powerpoint Templates | Tags | Contact | About Us | Privacy | FAQ | Blog

© Slideworld