Women and eye disease
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on Oct 02, 2009 Says :
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Slide 1 :
Women and Eye Disease 2006 Presentation prepared by:
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World-wide, 2/3rds of all blind or visually impaired persons are women. 3/4ths of all blindness and visual impairment is either preventable or treatable. Blindness and visual impairment
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Evidence In 2001, a meta-analysis of over 70 population-based studies reported that two-thirds of all blind and visually-impaired persons throughout the world, are women.
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Findings Age-adjusted odds ratio of blindness in women compared to men Africa 1.39 (1.2-1.6) Asia 1.41 (1.3-1.6) Industrialized 1.63 (1.3-2.1) Overall 1.43 (1.3-1.5) Abou-Gareeb et al. Gender and blindness: a meta-analysis of population-based prevalence surveys. Ophthal Epidem. 2001;8:39-56.
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USA In the US Over 1 million legally blind people, including over 700,000 women Over 3.4 million Americans suffering from visual impairment, about 2.3 million are women
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Vision problems in US US Census population Female 63,704,939 Male 55,681,313 Blindness Female 712,171 Male 334,748 Visual impairment Female 2,253,866 Male 1,152,413 US Prevalence in 2000 AMD with vision loss 1.8 million Glaucoma 2.2 million Diabetic Retinopathy 4.2 million Cataract 20.5 million www.usvisionproblems.org and www.nei.nih.gov Number of Americans with age-related eye disease and vision impairment will double in next 3 decades
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Reasons for Gender Disparity Worldwide rates of blindness and visual impairment are higher in women in most age groups. In industrial countries there is longer life expectancy in women, and blindness and visual impairment increases with age.
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Gender Disparity - Worldwide Higher incidence of cataract and trichiasis in women Some eye diseases are intrinsically more prevalent in women In some countries, women do not have equal access to eye care information and services
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Gender Disparity - Industrialized Countries Vision-altering and sight-threatening eye diseases more common in women dry-eye syndrome rheumatoid diseases certain forms of cataract age-related conditions 1. macular degeneration 2. cataract
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Age-related chronic diseases, such as CVD and cancer, and age-related causes of blindness, such as cataract and AMD, share a number of modifiable risk factors: smoking diabetes physical inactivity obesity hypertension hormones poor nutrition Prevention
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Poor Vision is Bad for you Visual impairment significantly reduces 1. The quality and length of life 2. Independent living 3. Healthy aging Consequences of Visual Impairment: Increased social isolation Increased morbidity Poor vision is much more common than realized Half of vision impairment is correctable and one quarter is preventable
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WEHTF Activities Public education outreach through print and radio media Materials development for Lions Eye Health Program (LEHP) program and for doctors’ offices Partnerships with The Harvard Medical COE in Women’s Health, other women’s health organizations and organizations that advocate for eye health Symposia at national and other meetings such as the international symposium on Nov 7th, 2003: “Improving Women’s Eye Health: Strategies to address the greater burden of blindness among women”
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Information on Women’s Eye Health www.womenseyehealth.org
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