Knee Anatomy

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     1  Knee Anatomy Spring 2005
     2  Knee Joint The most poorly constructed joint in the body. Femur round, tibia flat. Comprised of four bones. Femur Tibia Fibula Patella
     3  Femur Medial and Lateral Condyles- distal ends of the femur.
     4  Patella Patella tendon- attaches to the anterior of the tibia. Quadriceps tendon-attaches the quadriceps to the patella.
     5  Cruciate Ligaments Major stabilizing ligaments in the knee Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)-prevents the tibia from sliding out in front of the femur Injuries caused by hyperflexion
     6  Cruciate Ligaments Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL)-It prevents the tibia from sliding backwards under the femur. Injuries usually caused by Hyperextension
     7  Collateral Ligament Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)- connect the tibia and the femur. A force from the lateral side could cause a tear.
     8  Collateral Ligament Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL)- connect the fibula to the femur. A force from the medial side can cause a tear of the LCL
     10  Cartilage Articulate Cartilage-covers the moving parts of the knee. Chronic damage to articulate cartilage leads to arthritis.
     11  Cartilage Meniscus- half moon shaped cartilage lying between the knee joint.
     12  Online Anatomy
     13  Meniscus Tear Surgery Chronic Arthritis
     14  Knee Injuries ACL Replacement surgery. Animation Animation 2